listen actively to interpret a message and ask clarifying questions that build on others' ideas;
follow and give complex oral instructions to perform specific tasks, answer questions, or solve problems;
present a critique of a literary work, film, or dramatic production, employing eye contact, speaking rate, volume, enunciation, a variety of natural gestures, and conventions of language to communicate ideas effectively; and
engage in meaningful discourse and provide and accept constructive feedback from others.
use print or digital resources to determine the meaning, syllabication, pronunciation, word origin, and part of speech;
use context such as contrast or cause and effect to clarify the meaning of words; and
determine the meaning and usage of grade-level academic English words derived from Greek and Latin roots such as omni, log/logue, gen, vid/vis, phil, luc, and sens/sent.
Developing and sustaining foundational language skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--fluency. The student reads grade-level text with fluency and comprehension. The student is expected to adjust fluency when reading grade-level text based on the reading purpose.
Developing and sustaining foundational language skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--self-sustained reading. The student reads grade-appropriate texts independently. The student is expected to self-select text and read independently for a sustained period of time.
establish purpose for reading assigned and self-selected texts;
generate questions about text before, during, and after reading to deepen understanding and gain information;
make and correct or confirm predictions using text features, characteristics of genre, and structures;
create mental images to deepen understanding;
make connections to personal experiences, ideas in other texts, and society;
make inferences and use evidence to support understanding;
evaluate details read to determine key ideas;
synthesize information to create new understanding; and
monitor comprehension and make adjustments such as re-reading, using background knowledge, asking questions, and annotating when understanding breaks down.
describe personal connections to a variety of sources, including self-selected texts;
write responses that demonstrate understanding of texts, including comparing sources within and across genres;
use text evidence to support an appropriate response;
paraphrase and summarize texts in ways that maintain meaning and logical order;
interact with sources in meaningful ways such as notetaking, annotating, freewriting, or illustrating;
respond using newly acquired vocabulary as appropriate;
discuss and write about the explicit or implicit meanings of text;
respond orally or in writing with appropriate register, vocabulary, tone, and voice; and
reflect on and adjust responses as new evidence is presented.
infer multiple themes within and across texts using text evidence;
analyze how characters' qualities influence events and resolution of the conflict;
analyze plot elements, including the use of foreshadowing and suspense, to advance the plot; and
analyze how the setting influences character and plot development.
demonstrate knowledge of literary genres such as realistic fiction, adventure stories, historical fiction, mysteries, humor, myths, fantasy, and science fiction;
analyze the effect of rhyme scheme, meter, and graphical elements such as punctuation and capitalization in poems across a variety of poetic forms;
analyze how playwrights develop characters through dialogue and staging;
analyze characteristics and structural elements of informational text, including:
the controlling idea or thesis with supporting evidence;
features such as references or acknowledgements; and
organizational patterns that support multiple topics, categories, and subcategories;
analyze characteristics and structures of argumentative text by:
identifying the claim;
explaining how the author uses various types of evidence and consideration of alternatives to support the argument; and
identifying the intended audience or reader; and
analyze characteristics of multimodal and digital texts.
explain the author's purpose and message within a text;
analyze how the use of text structure contributes to the author's purpose;
analyze the author's use of print and graphic features to achieve specific purposes;
describe how the author's use of figurative language such as metaphor and personification achieves specific purposes;
identify the use of literary devices, including subjective and objective point of view;
analyze how the author's use of language contributes to mood, voice, and tone; and
explain the purpose of rhetorical devices such as direct address and rhetorical questions and logical fallacies such as loaded language and sweeping generalizations.
plan a first draft by selecting a genre appropriate for a particular topic, purpose, and audience using a range of strategies such as discussion, background reading, and personal interests;
develop drafts into a focused, structured, and coherent piece of writing by:
organizing with purposeful structure, including an introduction, transitions, coherence within and across paragraphs, and a conclusion; and
developing an engaging idea reflecting depth of thought with specific facts, details, and examples;
revise drafts for clarity, development, organization, style, word choice, and sentence variety;
edit drafts using standard English conventions, including:
complete complex sentences with subject-verb agreement and avoidance of splices, run-ons, and fragments;
consistent, appropriate use of verb tenses;
prepositions and prepositional phrases and their influence on subject-verb agreement;