comprehension TEKS talk image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Comprehension skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts. The student uses metacognitive skills to both develop and deepen comprehension of increasingly complex texts.

Observe students during authentic discussions about books during whole-group read-aloud or small-group reading instruction. Ask students questions. As students respond, keep track on a checklist or sticky note whether students mastered the skill.

Examples:

  • What do you think will happen in this story? Look at the pictures to help.
  • Were your predictions correct? How did you know?

If students are reading independently, the teacher could still assess this way, but students would have to write their predictions down and confirm or explain in writing why any were wrong.

the form, format, elements, and techniques typically used within a particular genre
Genre is a term that defines a category of literature characterized by convention of structure and content. In second grade, literary genres include fiction, poetry, folktales, fables, and fairy tales. Nonfiction genres include biographies, procedural texts, expository texts, flyers, menus, magazines, and instructions.
a form of inference in which the reader examines details surrounding the title, illustrations, subtitles, etc. of a text before reading it in order to anticipate and foresee forthcoming events and information
Text structure is the pattern or structure an author uses to construct and organize the author’s ideas for the audience (e.g., cause and effect, problem and solution, description, order of importance, etc.); it is also referred to as organizational pattern.
Text features help readers focus on important ideas and concepts. When students use text features (e.g., bullets, bold/italicized words, headings, captions), they can make connections within the text, become familiar with the text's organization, and access important background knowledge related to the content.

Related 2009 Student Expectation

This student expectation is related to the following SE from the 2009 reading/language arts TEKS.

(3)  Reading/Beginning Reading/Strategies. Students comprehend a variety of texts drawing on useful strategies as needed. Students are expected to: 
(A)  use ideas (e.g., illustrations, titles, topic sentences, key words, and foreshadowing) to make and confirm predictions;
 


Research

What Works Clearinghouse. (2010). Improving reading comprehension in kindergarten through 3rd grade: practice guide summary. Washington, DC: Institute of Education Science. Retrieved from https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/PracticeGuide/14#tab-summary

Summary: The goal of this practice guide is to offer educators specific evidence-based recommendations that address the challenge of teaching reading comprehension to students in kindergarten through 3rd grade. The guide provides practical, clear information on critical topics related to teaching reading comprehension and is based on the best available evidence as judged by the authors.