beginning reading and writing Spanish strand TEKS talk image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Developing and sustaining foundational language skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--beginning reading and writing. The student develops word structure knowledge through phonological awareness, print concepts, phonics, and morphology to communicate, decode, and spell.

Presente una lista de palabras que empiezan con la letra “h”. Lea la primera palabra y explique a los estudiantes que la letra “h” es una consonante silenciosa independientemente de su ubicación en una palabra. Pida a los estudiantes que tomando turnos lean las siguientes palabras de la lista: hijo, hoja, hueso, ahora, ahí, cacahuate. Posteriormente, presente los dígrafos “ch”, “rr” y “ll”. Reparta una hoja de trabajo con varias palabras agrupadas en tres columnas cuyos encabezados son los dígrafos anteriores. Por ejemplo, chupa, chivo, cotorro, cerro, llano, collar. Los estudiantes leen las palabras e identifican que estos dígrafos tienen un solo sonido. Escuche a cada uno de los estudiantes y haga observaciones sobre su lectura.
 

Further Explanation

Los estudiantes leen palabras con la letra “h”, que no tiene sonido, y con los dígrafos “ch”, “rr” y “ll”, que son dos letras, pero que combinadas forman un solo sonido.

A digraph is a pair of letters representing a single speech sound. In Spanish, there are different types of digraphs, like the double r (rr) and double l (ll). The /rr/ sound formed by the repetition of the letter r can be found in words like carro, gorra, or carroza. The repetition of the letter l, represents the sound /ll/ that appears in words, like llanta, allí, lluvia, or calle.
Students should be able to understand that, in Spanish, the letter h is silent regardless of its position in a word. For example, hijo, ahorrar, or horario. Students should know that the only exception to this rule is when the h is combined with the letter c, in which case the digraph ch is formed. The phonetic value of these successive letters is the sound /ch/ that appears in words like chamarra, chile, chupar, techo, lonchera, pichón.
Phonetic knowledge is the understanding of sound-symbol relationships and spelling patterns.

Related 2009 Student Expectation

This student expectation is related to the following SE from the 2009 reading/language arts TEKS.

(3)  Reading/Beginning Reading Skills/Phonics. Students use the relationships between letters and sounds and morphological analysis to decode written Spanish. Students are expected to:
(E)  become familiar with the concept that "h" is silent;
(F)  become familiar with the digraphs /ch/, /rr/;
(G)  become familiar with the concept that "ll" and "y" have the same sound (e.g., llave, ya);