Comprehension skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts. The student uses metacognitive skills to both develop and deepen comprehension of increasingly complex texts.
Knowledge and Skills Statement
A knowledge and skills statement is a broad statement of what students must know and be able to do. It generally begins with a learning strand and ends with the phrase “The student is expected to:” Knowledge and skills statements always include related student expectations.
Provide students with a passage and giving them a chart to complete after reading the passage. The chart would have two columns: “The text said . . .” and “This likely means . . .”
For assessment purposes, the teacher can have “The text said . . .” section filled out and have students fill out the “This likely means . . .” part or the teacher can do the opposite. As students advance with this skill, the teacher can also provide a mix of both. By the end of the assessment, both sides would be completed.
- The text may say, “Jose smiled,” and students would write “Jose was happy.”
- Another example could be to have the “This likely means . . .” tab filled out with “inside was a kitten” and students would refer to the text and write what the text said in the column that told them that. The response could be, “There was a box that was making a meowing noise.”
Glossary Support for ELA.2.6.F
Related 2009 Student Expectation
This student expectation is related to the following SE from the 2009 reading/language arts TEKS.
Figure 19: Reading/Comprehension Skills. Students use a flexible range of metacognitive reading skills in both assigned and independent reading to understand an author’s message. Students will continue to apply earlier standards with greater depth in increasingly more complex texts as they become self- directed, critical readers. The student is expected to:
What Works Clearinghouse. (2010). Improving reading comprehension in kindergarten through 3rd grade: practice guide summary. Washington, DC: Institute of Education Science. Retrieved from https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/PracticeGuide/14#tab-summary
Summary: The goal of this practice guide is to offer educators specific evidence-based recommendations that address the challenge of teaching reading comprehension to students in kindergarten through 3rd grade. The guide provides practical, clear information on critical topics related to teaching reading comprehension and is based on the best available evidence as judged by the authors.