comprehension TEKS talk image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Comprehension skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts. The student uses metacognitive skills to both develop and deepen comprehension of increasingly complex texts.

Use an observational checklist or take anecdotal notes during a read aloud, shared reading or small-group reading instruction. The teacher may prompt students by asking questions.


  • Does the text remind you of something in your own life?
  • Can you relate to this character?
  • Does the text remind you of another book you’ve read/heard?
  • How is this text different or the same as other books you’ve read/heard?
  • Does the text remind you of anything that has happened or is happening in the world?

When observing, a teacher may want to use a rubric to assess student responses.

Sample Rubric:

1) The student does not make connections.
2) The student makes connections between texts and self (personal experiences) as well as between two or more texts.
3) The student makes connections between personal experiences, ideas in other texts, and society.

connections that a reader makes between a piece of reading material and the reader's own experiences or life
Society is a community of people living in a particular country or region and having common traditions, laws, and interests. It can also be a distinguishable section or part of a community of people.


1. Gregory, A. E., & Cahill, M. A. (2010). Kindergarteners can do it, too!: Comprehension strategies for early readers. The Reading Teacher, 63(6), 515–200. Retrieved from

Summary: This article provides examples from a kindergarten classroom on how to teach the following comprehension strategies: making connections, visualizations, questioning, and inferences.

2. What Works Clearinghouse. (2010). Improving reading comprehension in kindergarten through 3rd grade: practice guide summary. Washington, DC: Institute of Education Science. Retrieved from

Summary: The goal of this practice guide is to offer educators specific evidence-based recommendations that address the challenge of teaching reading comprehension to students in kindergarten through 3rd grade. The guide provides practical, clear information on critical topics related to teaching reading comprehension and is based on the best available evidence as judged by the authors.