beginning reading and writing Spanish strand TEKS talk image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Developing and sustaining foundational language skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--beginning reading and writing. The student develops word structure knowledge through phonological awareness, print concepts, phonics, and morphology to communicate, decode, and spell.

Observe a los estudiantes mientras identifican las partes de un libro en una situación de aprendizaje. Haga preguntas que faciliten las respuestas de los estudiantes.

Ejemplos de preguntas:

  • ¿Dónde está la portada del libro? (el estudiante debe señalarla)
  • ¿Dónde está la contraportada del libro? (el estudiante debe señalarla)
  • ¿Dónde está el título de este libro? (el estudiante debe señalarlo)
  • ¿Dónde está la portada interior del libro? (el estudiante debe abrir el libro en la página del título o en la primera página de la historia)
Print awareness is the understanding of the characteristics and uses of print including the following print concepts: Printed text conveys meaning, sentences are comprised of words separated by spaces, and texts have unique print features that influence meaning.


Zucker, T. A., Ward, A. E., & Justice, L. M. (2009). Print referencing during read-alouds: a technique for increasing emergent readers' print knowledge. The Reading Teacher, 63(1), 62–72. Retrieved from

Summary: Daily classroom read-alouds provide an important context for supporting children's emergent literacy skills. Utilizing print referencing during read-alouds can foster the development of print knowledge in children.